CHAPTER 3

Frameworks for Cultural Analysis According to Fons Trompenaars

Contextualizing Background Information

Fons Trompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner1 have produced frameworks for cultural analysis based on their observations of behavior in companies and also through the collection of data from executive workshops. Even if their methodology has been widely contested by authors from traditional research backgrounds such as Geert Hofstede, who think Trompenaars’ methodology is not rigorous enough, their models have been widely used both in business and in academia for the last few decades.

Some of the frameworks designed by business consultants Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner overlap with those of Hofstede, in particular individualism versus ...

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