Chapter 4

Radio Frequency Signal and Antenna Concepts

In this chapter, you will learn about the following:

Active and passive gain

Azimuth and elevation charts (antenna radiation envelopes)

Interpreting polar charts


Antenna types

Omnidirectional antennas

Semidirectional antennas

Highly directional antennas

Sector antennas

Antenna arrays

Static Beamforming

Dynamic Beamforming

Transmit Beamforming

Visual line of sight

RF line of sight

Fresnel zone

Earth bulge

Antenna polarization

Antenna diversity

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)

MIMO antennas

Indoor MIMO antennas

Outdoor MIMO antennas

Antenna connection and installation

Voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR)

Signal loss

Antenna mounting


Outdoor mounting considerations

Indoor ...

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