Chapter 2

Data Encryption

Dr. Bhushan Kapoor and Dr. Pramod Pandya,    California State University

The Internet evolved over the years as a means for users to access information and exchange emails. Later, once the bandwidth became available, businesses exploited the Internet’s popularity to reach customers online. In the past few years it has been reported that organizations that store and maintain customers’ private and confidential records were compromised on many occasions by hackers breaking into the data networks and stealing the records from storage media. More recently we have come across headline-grabbing security breaches regarding laptops with sensitive data being lost or stolen, and most recently the Feds have encrypted around 1 million ...

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