Chapter 7

Homeland Security

Rahul Bhaskar, Ph.D. and Bhushan Kapoor,    California State University

The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, permanently changed the way the United States and the world’s other most developed countries perceived the threat from terrorism. Massive amounts of resources were mobilized in a very short time to counter the perceived and actual threats from terrorists and terrorist organizations. In the United States, this refocus was pushed as a necessity for what was called homeland security. The homeland security threats were anticipated for the IT infrastructure as well. It was expected that not only the IT at the federal level was vulnerable to disruptions due to terrorism-related attacks but, due to the ubiquity ...

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