The null hypothesis significance testing framework

For better or worse, Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST) is the most popular hypothesis testing framework in modern use. So, even though there are competing approaches that at least in some cases are better, you need to know this stuff up and down!

Okay,Null Hypothesis Significance Testing these are a bunch of big words. What do they mean?

NHST is a lot like being a prosecutor in the United States' or Great Britain's justice system. In these two countries, and a few others, the person being charged is presumed innocent, and the burden of proving the defendant's guilt is placed on the prosecutor. The prosecutor then has to argue that the evidence is inconsistent with the defendant ...

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