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Data Mining, 4th Edition by Christopher J. Pal, Mark A. Hall, Eibe Frank, Ian H. Witten

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Name Layers Top-5 Error (%) References
AlexNet 8 15.3 Krizhevsky et al. (2012)
VGG Net 19 7.3 Simonyan and Zisserman (2014)
ResNet 152 3.6 He et al. (2016)

Image

From Image Filtering to Learnable Convolutional Layers

When an image is filtered, the output is another image that contains the filter’s response at each spatial location, e.g., one with its edges emphasized. We could also think of such an image as a feature map that indicates where certain features were detected in the image—e.g., edges. However, in a deep network the initial filtered images or feature maps are subjected to many further levels of filtering. Over many successive ...

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