University of California, Berkeley
Duncan Temple Lang
University of California, Davis
In this chapter, we will explore a very simple dynamic system. It exhibits two interesting characteristics – a phase transition and self-organization.
Most things in nature behave continuously. As inputs change a little, the outcomes change slightly. It is interesting when a slight change in an input causes a significantly different outcome. In some cases, as we vary an input over a range of values, we see continuous changes and then abruptly see qualitatively different outputs. This tipping point is called a phase transition. Basically, the system ...