GLOSSARY

Ad Hoc Query. A query that is not predefined or anticipated, usually run just once. Ad hoc queries are typical in a data warehouse environment.

ADO. ActiveX Data Objects. Microsoft's software interface mechanism for distributed Web applications.

Agent Technology. A technology where specialized software modules act to produce desired results based on specified events. The software is structurally transparent to users.

Agile Development. A term coined in 2001 with the formulation of the Agile Manifesto to refer to software development methodologies based on iterative development where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration among self-organizing, crossfunctional teams.

Alert System. A software system that notifies and alerts users when particular events take place, such as some business indicator exceeding a preset threshold value.

API. Application Program Interface. A functional interface, usually supplied by the operating system, that allows one application program to communicate with another program for receiving services. APIs are generally implemented through function calls.

ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standard code, consisting of a set of 7-bit coded characters, used for information exchange between computer and communication systems.

BAM. Business Activity Monitoring refers to the collection, aggregation, analysis, and presentation of real-time information about activities within an organization.

Bitmapped Indexing. ...

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