Appendix A


This section is included to assist the students to perform the activities present in the book. It includes detailed steps that are to be performed by the students to complete and achieve the objectives of the activity.

Computational Graph of the Softmax-with-Loss Layer

The following figure is the computational graph of the Softmax-with-Loss layer and obtains backward propagation. We will call the softmax function the Softmax layer, the cross-entropy error the Cross-Entropy Error layer, and the layer where these two are combined the Softmax-with-Loss layer. You can represent the Softmax-with-Loss layer with the computational graph provided in Figure A.1: Entropy:

Figure A.1: Computational graph of the Softmax-with-Loss ...

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