Why artificial neural networks?

We cannot begin talking about neural networks without understanding their origins, including the term as well. The terms neural networks (NN) and ANN are used as synonyms in this book, despite NNs being more general, covering the natural neural networks as well. So, what actually is an ANN? Let's explore a little of the history of this term.

In the 1940s, the neurophysiologist Warren McCulloch and the mathematician Walter Pitts designed the first mathematical implementation of an artificial neuron combining the neuroscience foundations with mathematical operations. At that time, the human brain was being studied largely to understand its hidden and mystery behaviors, yet within the field of neuroscience. The natural ...

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