Artificial neural networks
ANNs take advantage of the concept of DL. They are an abstract representation of the human nervous system, which contains a collection of neurons that communicate with each other through connections called axons.
Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts proposed the first artificial neuron model in 1943 in terms of a computational model of nervous activity. This model was followed by another proposed by John von Neumann, Marvin Minsky, Frank Rosenblatt (the so-called perceptron), and many others.
The biological neurons
Look at the brain's architecture for inspiration. Neurons in the brain are called biological neurons. They are unusual–looking cells, mostly found in animal brains, consisting of cortexes. The cortex itself is ...