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Defensive Security Handbook by Amanda Berlin, Lee Brotherston

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Chapter 15. Segmentation

Segmentation is the process of compartmentalizing a network into smaller zones. This can take many forms, including physical, logical, networking, endpoints, and more. In this chapter we will cover several verticals and walk through segmentation practices and designs to help aid in the overall environment design. Unfortunately, many environments have little design in place and can be extremely flat. A flat network contains little-to-no segmentation at any level.

Network Segmentation

Both network segmentation and design are comprised of physical and logical elements. Any physical aspects are going to either require the use of equipment already in the environment or additional capital for purchasing new devices (or both). Logical segmentation will require sufficient knowledge of your specific network, routing, and design. Both take many design elements into consideration.

Physical

Network segmentation should start, when possible, with physical devices such as firewalls and routers. Effectively, this turns the network into more manageable zones, which when designed properly can add a layer of protection against network intrusion, insider threats, and the propagation of malicious software or activities. Placing a firewall at any ingress/egress point of the network will offer the control and visibility into the flowing traffic. However, it isn’t acceptable to just place the firewall in line with no ruleset or protection in place and assume that it will enhance ...

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