Leading Groups in Organizations
J. Richard Hackman
Richard E. Walton
It's not that there are no theories of leadership around. There are theories of managerial leadership, from the classic statements of organization theorists such as Fayol ( 1949), Gulick, and Urwick (Gulick and Urwick, 1937) to the sophisticated contemporary ideas of Bennis (Bennis and Nanus, 1985) and Drucker (1966). There are descriptive models of leader behavior that provide great insight into what leaders usually do (Mintzberg, 1973). There are psychological theories that focus on the traits of effective leaders (Fiedler, 1978), on their behavioral styles (Fleishman, ...