Chapter 3

Biorefineries

Industry Status and Economics

H. Stichnothe1, D. Meier2 and I. de Bari3,    1Thünen Institute of Agricultural Technology, Braunschweig, Germany,    2Thünen Institute of Wood Research, Hamburg, Germany,    3Division of Bioenergy, Biorefinery and Green Chemistry, ENEA Centro Ricerche Trisaia, Policoro, Italy

Abstract

This chapter focuses on techno-economic assessments of biobased products from fermentation and fast pyrolysis. We briefly describe underlying methodologies and summarizea number of literature studies dealing with conversion pathways using fermentation and fast pyrolysis. However, data are limited on the techno-economic evaluation of innovative biorefinery processes. We identify methodological challenges ...

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