Industrial utilization of carbon dioxide (CO2)
M. Aresta and A. Dibenedetto, University of Bari, Italy
The chapter presents the various aspects of the utilization of CO2 (technological, chemical, biotechnological) together with an analysis of the benefits derived from such practice. Conditions for correct use of CO2 are defined, and the potential of each technology is highlighted in terms of reducing emission into the atmosphere and lowering energy and/or material consumption, either directly (recycling of carbon) or indirectly, e.g. when the use of CO2 reduces the emission of products having a much higher climate change power (CCP) than CO2 itself. The potential utilization of CO2 as a tool to store excess or intermittent ...