IN THIS CHAPTER
Adjusting under- or overexposed photos
Achieving sharper focus
Removing or diminishing visual distractions
Dealing with lens distortion and tilting horizon lines
Trimming away extra background material
Coping with image noise
Eliminating unwanted color tints
Checking your photos for halos
When you return from a photo outing, don't be discouraged if you like only a handful of images out of the dozens of frames you shot. First, understand that a 100 percent good-to-garbage ratio is unrealistic, especially when you're photographing kids, wildlife, or other unpredictable subjects. Second, most photo-editing programs offer tools you can use to eliminate certain photo flaws — your camera may even have some of those tools built in. This chapter offers help on both counts, providing tips to help you avoid the most common picture problems and explaining how to apply a few basic retouching tools to cover up mistakes after the fact.
When you photograph a subject that's set against a very bright background, you may get a result similar to the one shown on the left in Figure 11-1, where the background looks fine but the subject is underexposed. On the flip side, if the background is much darker than the subject, the subject may be overexposed.