Forms of Protection

Chapter Overview

The focus and mechanisms of privacy protection are historically and culturally based. In the United States, the focus has been to regulate information use by government, while permitting information use by private companies unless it specifically harmed consumers as dictated by sector-based law. Much of the privacy control of businesses is reliant upon self-regulation, with the oversight of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Increasingly, consumers have been educated and encouraged to take protection matters in their own hands through formation of more safeguarded norms and by employing technological solutions to create privacy. In other parts of the world, such as Europe, the development of privacy ...

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