Composition is the thoughtful placement of visual elements—a worthy subject and its environment—to make the strongest possible image. This sounds simple enough. But, what makes a worthy subject? Where should the subject appear in the image? How big should it be? Is the foreground important? What about the background? How does the light affect everything? Are there some perspective choices? Should you use a shallow depth of field or a lot? What direction should the animal be facing? Do you photograph it from a low viewpoint or a higher one?

Composing well requires you to answer a lot of questions quickly, before the light or subject disappears. In many ways, composition is far more difficult than ...

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