Chapter 3

Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Technology

Kakkan Ramalingam*; Chandrasen Indulkar    * Airports Authority of India, Delhi, India Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

Abstract

Photovoltaic power systems are gaining importance in distribution generation (DG) of renewable energy sources due to abundant availability of solar radiation as a source for generating electricity by the photovoltaic effect in semiconductors. The cost of photovoltaic cells is high due to low efficiency of converting light energy into electricity by using semiconductor materials. Photovoltaic (PV) materials have been closely researched to improve the cell efficiency by adopting various methods of processing, doping operations, and using different materials ...

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