Data in layers and the virtual C drive

The virtual filesystem is how Docker can take a set of physical image layers and treat them as one logical container image. Image layers are mounted as read-only parts of the filesystem in a container, so they can't be altered, and that's how they can be safely shared by many containers.

Each container has its own writable layer on top of all the read-only layers, so every container can modify its own data without affecting any other containers:

This diagram shows two containers running from the same image. The image (1) is physically composed of many layers - one built from each instruction in the Dockerfile. ...

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