To make something look convincing and three-dimensional on two-dimensional paper, you need to give the object form by adding highlights and shadows. If you aren’t familiar with shading methods, here are some techniques to get you started. It’s a good idea to practice some of these techniques to get the hang of them before you apply them to a drawing. Don’t be afraid to experiment and be adventurous, though; these are just a few ideas to get you started. You might want to line up some household items (such as fruit, bowls, and bottles) on a tabletop and try to sketch them as they are. This is good practice for helping you learn how highlights and shadows fall on items of different shapes and sizes.

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