Once you have established the basic shapes and details of a drawing, you can add depth to the forms with shading. Create the illusion of three-dimensionality in a two-dimensional object with clear contrasts in value, or the relative lightness or darkness of a color or black. Pay attention to the value gradations in the lights and shadows of the egg at right and the final, colored image below. You can shade a drawing with pencil, ink, screentones, or any medium used to color.


Hatching The most basic method of shading is to fill an area with hatching, which is a series of parallel strokes.

Light and Shadow The highlight is the lightest ...

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