Transform flat shapes into lifelike forms using shading techniques like those below. Make soft strokes for lighter tones, or put more pressure on your pencil to make heavy strokes for darker tones. These contrasts in value (the relative lightness or darkness of black or a color) are what give depth and form to your drawings. First establish the simple, basic shape of your subject, and then try these techniques to see your subjects come to life on paper!

CREATING DEPTH Indicating the shadows and highlights of your subject using value helps produce a sense of depth and volume in your drawing. As you shade, note the direction of the light source and how it creates variations in value on your subject. Apply fewer strokes and less ...

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