In the first chapter we concentrated on the simple act of making marks on the page—marks that are intended to represent three-dimensional objects on a flat piece of paper. As we prepare to transition to more difficult and complex subjects, such as still life and architecture, we need to understand and analyze what exactly we see, and how best to apply that scene to the drawing surface. This chapter will demonstrate some simple, yet effective, techniques that artists have employed for hundreds of years that can help the artist organize and understand a complex scene in a logical way. The information on the picture plane—measuring, eye level, and visual spatial interpretation—will be discussed at length throughout the chapters ...

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