Index 293
Roadway design practices, 136–137
Russia, 33t. See also Former Soviet
Union
S
Santiago, Chile
bicycle transportation projects in,
176–177
bus rapid transit programs in,
180–181
Scenario analysis, 248
Scenario matrix, 248
Scenario planning
in action, 248–250
alternative approaches to, 246
example of, 248–250, 262
federal agency use of, 246
practices involved in, 246–247
principles of, 247
real options analysis and, 248
Scenario thinking, 247
Self-identity, 222, 227–229
Self-interest, 227–229
Shale oil, 19
Singapore, 194
Smart consumerism, 225, 258
Social constructionist, 221, 233
Social discourses, 234
Social exchanges
description of, 225
imitation, 226
personal, 226
Social marketing, 186–188
South Korea, 145t
Soviet Union, former
carbon dioxide emissions in, 4t
per capita energy demand in, 33t
Sprawl factor, 131–132
Street design and planning, 134,
136–137
“Super giants,” 10
Sustainable Mobility Project, 33, 35
Sustainable transportation
air pollution control and, 263
description of, 190–191
donor agencies involved in, 191
elements of, 263
establishing of, 263
Global Environmental Facility
participation in, 191
multilateral development banks in,
191
Symbols, 231, 236
T
Taiwan, 145t
Takebacks, 43, 63
Tax incentives, 54t, 57t
Technologies
energy conserving, 219–220
greenhouse gas emissions reductions
through, 69, 108, 258
transportation and, 37–39
Terrorism, 245
Test driving cycles, 160–161
Texas Transportation Institute, 130,
261
Total carbon approach, 96–97
Toyota
carbon dioxide emissions, 79
hybrid electric vehicles, 84
Traffic avoidance, 183–184
Traffic calming, 137
Traffic congestion
community planning effects on,
132–133
Department of Transportation efforts
to reduce, 261
in developing countries, 190
increases in, 130
New Jersey model of, 135–140, 261
poor land use and, 135
reasons for growth of, 131–133
relief approaches for, 135–140
roadway design practices and,
136–137
sprawl factor and, 131–132
state programs to reduce, 135–140
Texas Transportation Institute
findings regarding, 130, 261
transportation approach to, 129–134
in United States, 131–133
Traffic demand management, 182–183
Traffic development patterns, 133–134
Traffic modeling, 137
Transportation. See also Light-duty
vehicles
air pollution from, 199
Asilomar Declaration focus on,
5–6
carbon dioxide emissions from
in Asia Pacific region, 255–256
description of, 4
increases in, 41
policy approaches, 41–42, 260
regulatory policies, 258–259
energy uses

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