public transportation systems fall short as the cities sprawl and the costs
of the systems skyrocket in trying to serve these sprawled populations.
Similarly, unless transportation needs are explicitly addressed in Urban
Development Master Plans, city planners could well see goals fail because
the needed transportation systems do not reach urban subcenters away from
downtowns created by urban master plans.
Finally, donors can encourage cities to develop integrated Transporta-
tion Master Plans, which address all modes of transportation. At present,
most donor assistance in transportation focuses only on infrastructure
building—primarily roads and bridges—and, more recently, on reform of the
public transportation systems. Without planning transportation systems as
a whole, the interactive effects of all modes of transportation are frequently
missed. All the beneﬁts, for example, of integrating a bicycle path system
or pedestrian system with public transportation can be lost by concentrat-
ing on only one mode of transportation. It is also important that donors
provide assistance to analyze the environmental, social, and economic
impacts of transportation master plans, including the impacts on green-
house gas emissions.
Bleviss, D. The Opportunities for Sustainable Urban Transportation in Medium-Sized
Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, D.C., November 2004.
The Sustainable Mobility Project 2004. Mobility 2030: Meeting the Challenges to Sustain-
ability. World Business Council for Sustainable Mobility, July 2004. www.wbcsd.org/
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). International Energy Outlook, 2005.
Washington, D.C.: EIA, July 2005. www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/pdf/0484(2005).pdf.
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). Mobility 2030: Meeting the
Challenges to Sustainability. 2004. www.wbcsd.org/web/publications/mobility/overview.
200 Driving Climate Change