Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. It will be built through concrete achievements, which first create a de facto solidarity.
Nearly seven decades ago, six countries in Western Europe (Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands) decided to take economic cooperation to the next level. The vision of the European Union (EU) founding states, epitomized by the Schuman Declaration in 1950, was to tie their economies—including the re-emerging West German economy—so closely together that war would become impossible.
In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom joined what was then referred to as the “European ...