Chapter 8

Food Additives, Drug Residues, and Food Contaminants

The food that to him now is as luscious as locusts, shall be to him shortly as bitter as coloquintida.

W. Shakespeare

Food Additives

Food and Drug Regulations

All developed countries have regulations governing the ingredients and additives that can legally be present in foodstuffs. The nature of the regulations may vary from country to country, but those of Canada are fairly typical.

In Canada, regulations governing foodstuffs and food additives are part of the Food and Drug Act and are enforced by the Health Protection Branch of Health Canada ( The following are some important definitions:

Food: Any substance, whether cooked, processed, or raw, that is intended ...

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