Basic operations with Elasticsearch

We have already seen how Elasticsearch stores data and provides REST APIs to perform the operations. In next few sections, we will be performing some basic actions using the command line tool called CURL. Once you have grasped the basics, you will start programming and implementing these concepts using Python and Java in upcoming chapters.


When we create an index, Elasticsearch by default creates five shards and one replica for each shard (this means five primary and five replica shards). This setting can be controlled in the elasticsearch.yml file by changing the index.number_of_shards properties and the index.number_of_replicas settings, or it can also be provided while creating the index.

Once the index ...

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