An Electrical Power System, like any other electrical circuit, contains passive electrical elements like resistors, inductors, capacitors, mutually coupled coils and active elements in the form of independent voltage sources and current sources. The elements in a power system are modelled by linear time-invariant elements to a first degree of approximation. Resistors produce voltage drops across them that are proportional to the current flowing through them. Inductors demand a voltage that is proportional to the rate of change of current through them. Capacitors demand a voltage across them that are proportional to the integral of current through them.

Electrical power system is usually voltage-driven. That is, independent ...

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