Introduction to transmission and distribution (T&D) networks: T&D infrastructure, reliability and engineering, regulation and planning
L. Willis, Quanta Technology, USA
Power transmission and distribution systems have evolved over the past twelve decades into vast interconnected systems of equipment built around large centralized generation plants. In the twenty-first century the evolution will begin to include significant portions of de-centralized, distributed generation and storage, much of it based on renewable and ‘micro-grid’ technologies. Power utilities will not evolve their systems completely to this type of configuration, but instead pragmatically combine their old central-station systems with additions and augmentation ...