Vector calculus deals with differentiation and integration of vectors. Integration of vectors is of three types. These three types are discussed in the following sections.

The line integral involves a scalar (or dot) product. Integral of the dot product of a vector is evaluated along a specified path. The differential displacement vector is tangential to the path.

Line integral for a given vector and path *L* is worked out as

**Figure 3.1** Line integral

A vector ...

Start Free Trial

No credit card required