1Introduction

1.1The tale of the internet

Local Area Networks (LANs) became accessible during the 1970s. This technology allowed computers within a building to connect to each other. The typical applications were printing and basic file sharing, leaving the rest to the user. With the appearance of the IBM PC in the mid-1980s, the market grew, and we saw a regular war between network vendors with each of their technology, for example, Token-Ring, Token-Bus, Ethernet, Novell, AppleTalk, and DECnet. Especially, the first three fought for the general market, whereas AppleTalk and DECnet, respectively, were specific to Apple and Digital. Novell quickly adopted Ethernet in its solutions—successfully focusing on network software for years. Even though ...

Get Embedded Software for the IoT now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.