Chapter Seven

Life Cycle Assessment of Nanotechnology in Batteries for Electric Vehicles

L. Oliveira
M. Messagie
S. Rangaraju
M. Hernandez
J. Sanfelix
J. Van Mierlo    Mobility, Logistic and Automotive Technology Research Center (MOBI), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

Abstract

Through the usage of life cycle assessment methods, two different battery systems are benchmarked. One is composed by traditional Li-ion NMC graphite cells and the other, Li-ion NMC silicon nanowire ones. Their characteristics are displayed and challenged throughout different impact categories, such as climate change, human toxicity, and cumulative energy demand. These impact categories highlight the damages provoked during manufacturing, usage, and recycling ...

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