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Emerging Nanotechnologies in Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems by Noshin Omar, Lide M Rodriguez-Martinez

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Chapter Eight

Safety of Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems with a focus on Li-ion Technology

A. Pfrang
A. Kriston
V. Ruiz
N. Lebedeva
F. di Persio    European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Directorate for Energy, Transport and Climate, Energy Storage Unit, Petten, The Netherlands

Abstract

In this chapter the safety of rechargeable energy storage systems is discussed with a focus on Li-ion batteries. The main hazards, such as fire, explosion, direct electrical hazards (electrical shock and arcing), indirect electrical hazards, and chemical hazards are reviewed. Relevant failure scenarios—overheating, mechanical deformation, external short circuit, and overcharge—are presented together with the main approaches for risk mitigation. Potential ...

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