Computer Hardware Components

Every profession has, at its core, a group of terms and knowledge that is shared and understood by its practitioners. Computer forensics is certainly no exception. In this section, I discuss the various terms used to describe a computer’s components and systems.

Case The case, or chassis, is usually metal, and it surrounds, contains, and supports the computer system components. It shields electrical interference (both directions) and provides protection from dust, moisture, and direct-impact damage to the internal components. It is sometimes erroneously called the central processing unit (CPU), which it is not.
Read-Only Memory (ROM) This is a form of memory that can hold data permanently, or nearly so, by virtue ...

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