Chapter 8

China

Energy Efficiency Where it Really Matters

Mark Levine, Nan Zhou, David Fridley, Lynn Price and Nina Zheng, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

1 Introduction

As the world’s most populous country and the second-largest economy, China’s energy use and energy-related CO2 emissions have been interlinked with its unprecedented economic growth and urbanization. Since economic reforms were first initiated in the late 1970s, China has continued to experience double-digit economic growth with current nominal GDP totaling nearly U.S. $7.3 trillion despite a relatively low per capita GDP of only U.S. $5,184 in 2011. Since China is still in the early stage of industrialization and modernization, the process of economic development will continue ...

Get Energy Efficiency now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.