Chapter 11

Management of Process Energy


Industrial processes used for manufacturing, food production, pharmaceuticals, vehicles, and many other products have improved the standard of living. Industrial processes include diverse uses of energy, ranging from simple heating to the complex operations required to form, shape, and join materials. Great improvements in industrial energy use efficiency have been made in the last three decades. Specific energy use—i.e., the energy required to produce a unit of any industrial product—has declined in every sector. With rising energy costs that means more goods can be produced with less energy expense. More significant, it also means that less CO2 is produced per unit of production. There are ...

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