Chapter Two

Energy Positivity and Flexibility in Districts

N. Good
E.A. Martínez Ceseña
P. Mancarella    The University of Manchester, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Manchester, United Kingdom


This chapter examines the concept of energy positivity and argues that energy positivity, in the classical sense (i.e., districts that generate more electricity than they consume), is not a suitable objective or metric for Energy Positive Neighborhoods (EPNs), or smart energy districts more generally. Instead, it is argued that flexibility is a more suitable objective/metric, given the various variable and dynamic factors which effect electricity systems, and that, in a liberalized system, economic value is the most suitable ...

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