This chapter discusses test-bed design for energy processing and the smart grid. The energy-processing concepts are developed based on the knowledge of classical energy-conversion machines such as generators, induction machines, and transformers. The integration of renewable-energy resources (RER) as a stand-alone and grid-connected system is also studied with simple experiments to determine performance measures and characteristics.
Energy-processing components based on power electronics devices for inverters and converters are introduced. Hands-on experiments to validate real-time measurements such as smart meter PMUs are determined. Application of real-time data simulations, as hardware-in-the-loop, is included.
The integration of these devices is used to develop two working test beds, one as a smart-grid platform for system design, simulation, and optimization, and control, and the second as a classical machine test bed, which includes power electronics and real-time measurements tools.
The application of the smart grid needs to be scaled down to the university-laboratory level to test possible improvements on a small scale; results should be evaluated through simulations and random tests.
This chapter aims to provide guidelines for the structure of a smart-grid test bed and the requirements at each level, e.g., generation, transmission, distribution, and user. It also discusses features, components, ...