399
28
Quantitative Analysis of Energy
Management Options
Introduction
Theodore [1] has previously developed a calculational procedure for allow-
ing a technical individual to quantify a decision-requiring process that is
a function of numerous, difcult to evaluate variables. This procedure has
already been applied to the three applications listed here:
1. Fly ash control options for coal-red utility boilers [2]
2. Pollution prevention options [3]
3. Wastewater sludge management [4]
The application of this procedure to energy resources is described here
for the United States, developed countries, and underdeveloped countries.
The purpose of these analyses is to provide quantitative information that
might allow one to select what one might describe as the “optimum” energy
resource matrix and/or policy.
One might notice that political forces and issues are not addressed in the
quantitative analysis presented in this chapter as political considerations
have been briey discussed in Chapter 24. The role of politics should be to
use the information obtained from a quantitative analysis in the develop-
ment of an energy management policy. However, politics is not as analytical
as science and, as such, can subtly, if not profoundly, change the direction
of a nations approach to energy management, regardless of the results of
any quantitative analysis. Neither of the authors agrees with establishing a
policy that is inconsistent with an unbiased quantitative assessment of the
various elements comprising the earlier dened energy matrix.
400 Energy Resources: Availability, Management, and Environmental Impacts
Energy Resource Comparison Procedure
An evaluation methodology is now established for the comparison of energy
resources. It is an attempt to provide an answer to the question: Can a proce-
dure be developed that can realistically and practically quantify the overall
advantages and disadvantages of the various energy resource options?
Energy resources (categories) are provided in Table28.1. A list of the param-
eters that affect the answer to this question for each energy category has been
prepared by the authors [5] and is shown in Table28.2. These parameters
include resource quantity, resource availability, energy quality, economic
concerns, conversion requirements, transportation requirements, delivery
requirements, operation and maintenance, regulatory issues, environmental
concerns, consumer experience, and public acceptance. An attempt to per-
form this analysis on the various energy categories has been made for the
United States and for different sectors of the world.
One method of obtaining a quantitative answer to the preceding question
is to assign simple weighting factors to each energy parameter in Table28.2
based on available information and sound engineering judgment. A higher
number reects a more attractive answer to the question. (For example, a
higher number in the resource quantity [RQ] parameter indicates greater
resource quantity; a higher number in the economics concerns [EC] parame-
ter indicates lower relative cost.) However, the assignment of simple weighting
factor numbers, based on the same number range for each parameter, does
not take into account the relative importance (or the “weight”) of the vari-
ous parameters involved. This type of indexing is referred to as unweighted,
and an unweighted index number analysis can often be misleading. (For
example, if the consumer price index were based on the unit price of each of
TABLE28.1
Energy Resource Categories
Coal
Oil
Natural gas
Shale
Tar sands
Solar
Nuclear (fusion)
Hydroelectric
Wind
Geothermal
Hydrogen
Bioenergy
Other

Get Energy Resources now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.