3

FUELS AND COMBUSTION

“A revolution in humanity’s use of fossil fuel-based energy would be necessary sooner or later to sustain and to extend modern standards of living.”

3.1 INTRODUCTION

‘Fuel is the source of heat energy, it can be stored as potential chemical energy and can be released through combustion.’

‘Combustible matter having carbon as a major ingredient, produce large amount of heat energy on burning and can be used for heat generation in industry and domestic applications is known as a fuel.’

‘Any compound or a substance which can produce energy and can be used in the production of power is termed as a fuel.’

In the combustion process, a fuel reacts with oxygen and releases the energy.

3.2 CLASSIFICATION OF FUELS

Fuels are broadly ...

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