Organometallic chemistry is the study of chemical compounds containing at least one metal–carbon (M-C) bond, where carbon is part of an organic group. It is also known as organo-inorganics, metallo-organics and metalorganics. Some examples are organolithium, organo magnesium (Grignard reagent) compounds, and metal carbonyls. Living systems contain a variety of organometallic compounds such as haemoglobin, myoglobin and chlorophyll. The specialised field focused on the study of such compounds is known as bioinorganic chemistry.
The timeline of organometallic chemistry is outlined in Table 13.1.
Table 13.1 Timeline of organometallic chemistry