Chapter 4Group Decision Making

Because engineers work in teams and committees and other situations in which the preferences of other persons influence a decision, they encounter group decision making. A group decision occurs when the individual decisions of the persons in a group are combined to make a collective decision. This assumes, as might be expected, that the members of the group individually agree to participate in the decision-making process and accept its results. The decision-making process to be used may be imposed by existing rules, precedents, or some other authority, or it may be chosen by the group.

In engineering firms, many decisions involve multiple people, but not all those decisions are group decisions. In some cases, when no other sources of data are available (or acquiring them is impractical), it may ...

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