Index
215
American Institute for Steel Construction
(AISC)
Code of standard practice for steel
buildings & bridges,60
Designing with Structural Steel: a Guide
for Architects,67
Manual of Steel Construction,55
Anonymous Seven, 29, 160
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 87
At-will employment, 37
Automobile safety, 39–41
Ford lifeguard design, 40
Highway Safety Act, 40
Motor Vehicle Safety Act, 40
Nader, Ralph. See Nader, Ralph
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA)
History, 40, 137
Investigation, Ford Pinto, 45–46
Investigations, stability, 137–138
Safety door locks, 39
Standard 301, 41
Passage delays, 44–45
Text, 47–49
Bell Laboratories
Fraud, 119
Aftermath, 128
Investigation, 126–128
Warning, early, 130
History, 120–123
Bemer, Bob, 116
Bjork,Viking, 100–101, 107
Bjork-Shiley heart valve
Complications, disc, 102
Movement obstruction, 102
Rupture, 102
Warning, early, 107
Designs, 100–101
Investigations, 102–104
Lawsuits, 104–105
U.S. civil suit, 104
Bowling v. Pfizer settlement, 104–105
Recall, 99, 104
Warning, early, 107
Boisjoly, Roger, 71–73
O-ring investigations, 71–72
Pre-launch meeting, 71
California statutes
Environmental Quality Act, 95–96
Earthquake safety, 96
False advertising statute, 140
Case studies
Individual, anonymous, 185–202
Biomedical engineer, 187–189,
194–195, 198–200
Computer engineer, 200–201
Electrical engineer, 191–192, 196–197,
201–202
Geologic engineer, 192–194
Mechanical engineer, 189–191, 197–198
National, 37–184
Bell Laboratories scientific fraud,
119–132
Bjork-Shiley heart valve defect,
99–108
Challenger space shuttle explosion,
63–74
Columbia space shuttle explosion,
145–152
Exxon Valdez oil spill, 75–88
Ford Explorer rollover, 133–144
Ford Pinto recall, 39–52
Guidant Ancure endograft system,
153–162
Indian Ocean tsunami, 177–184
Kansas City Hyatt Regency skywalk
collapse, 53–62
Northeast blackout, 163–176
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216 Index
Case studies (continued)
San Francisco-Oakland bay
bridge earthquake collapse,
89–98
Y2K software conversion, 109–118
Challenger space shuttle
Design, 63–66
Explosion, 63, 69
Warning, early, 71–73
Investigations
Boisjoly, Roger. See Boisjoly, Roger
Presidential commission, 69–71
Launch, 51-L
Delays, 68
Timeline, 68–69
O-ring joint sealing
Design
Space shuttle, 67–68
Titan III, 67
Safety reporting structure, 71, 74
Coal slurry, 3
Definition, 4
Spill, Massey Energy, 4–6
Collapse,87
Columbia space shuttle, 145, 152
Design
External tank insulation, 146–147
Explosion, 145
Warning, early, 151
Foam loss, 147–148
Specifications, 150
Investigation, 148–149
Recommendations, 149–150
Launch, STS-107
Delays, 148
Re-entry, 148
Corapi, John, 32–33
Corporate average fuel economy (CAFE)
standards, 134
Sport utility vehicle (SUV) loophole, 134
Corporation,The, 20–21
Cost-benefit analysis, 40–41
Auto safety, 40–41, 44–45
Human life, 44, 51–52
Deep Throat, 184
Engineering ethics
Codes, 13–14
Effectiveness of, 14
IEEE code of ethics, 13, 210
NSPE code of ethics for engineers,
13, 203–209
Definition, 6
Enron:The Smartest Guys in the
Room, 174
Ethical dilemmas
Accountability to clients & customers, 18
Conflict of interest, 18
Data integrity & representation, 17
Fair treatment, 18
Gift giving & bribery, 17
Principle of informed consent, 17
Public safety & welfare, 16
Trade secrets & industrial espionage, 17
Ethical theories, 7–13
Duty ethics, 10–11
Rights ethics, 11–12
Utilitarianism, 9–10
Virtue ethics, 12–13
Exxon Valdez
Hazelwood, Joseph, 79–80
Last voyage, 79–80
Oil spill, 75, 79–80, See also Oil spill,
Alaskan
False Claims Act, 30–31, 35
Fog of War, The,51
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Good manufacturing practices, 154
Hazard analysis, 161
Premarket approval, 154
Medical device report, 154
Ford Explorer
Bickerstaff, David, 141–142
Design
Stability defects, 136–137
Stability early warning, 140–142
2002 Model, 139
Firestone tires, 133–134
Ford Bronco II, 135
Investigation, NHTSA, 138
Lawsuits, 138–139
Advertising settlement, 133
Marketing, 135
Ford Pinto
Design defect, 42–43
Warning, early, 49–50
Investigations, safety
Dowie, Mark, 45
Ford engineers, 49–50
NHTSA, 45–46
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Index 217
Lawsuits, 46–47
Project goals & schedule, 41–42
Recall, 39, 46
Gioia, Dennis, xvii–xviii, 7
Graham, David, 34–35
Greenhouse, Bunnatine, 30
Guidant Ancure endograft system
Complications
Clinical study, 155–156
Post-approval, 156–157
Warning, early, 160
Design, 155–156
Graft surgery, 155
Investigations
FDA onsite, 157
Internal, 157–158
Settlement, 153, 158
U.S. attorney, 158–160
Recall, 157
Indian Ocean tsunami, 177
Aftermath, 180–181
Earthquake
Mechanism, tsunami, 177–178
Sumatra-Andaman, 178
Timeline, 179
Warning
Systems, 181–182
Early, 182–183
Insider, The,34
Kansas City Hyatt Regency, 53
Atrium roof collapse, 57
Development process, 54–55
Walkway
Collapse, 53, 57
Collapse administrative hearing, 58–59
Collapse investigation, 57–58
Design, general, 53–54
Design, hanger rod, 56–57
Design warning, 59
Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), 87–88
Mine Safety & Health Administration
(MSHA), 4–6
Nader, Ralph, 40
Unsafe At Any Speed,40
Nanotechnology, 123
Schon, J. Hendrik. See Schon, J. Hendrik
North American Electric Reliability Council
(NERC) policies, 170–172
North American Interconnection, 163–165
Design, 164–165
National Academy of Engineering
achievement, greatest, 163–164
Ohio grid, 166–167
Reliability, 165–166
Deregulation and, 166
Voluntary compliance, 166
Northeast blackout, 163
Investigation, 168, 170
Recommendations, 170
Timeline, 167–169
Warnings, early, 172–173
Oil Pollution Act of 1990, 82–85
Oil spill,Alaskan
Animals affected, 81
Area covered, 80–81
Cleanup, 80–81
Gallons spilled, 80
Investigation, 81–82
Recommendations, 81–82
Lawsuits, 82
Preparedness plans, 78–79
Alyeska, 78
Exxon, 78
Implementation, 78–79
National Response Team, 78
Port Prince William Sound pollution
action, 78
Regional Response Teams, 78
State of Alaska, 78
Warning, early, 85–86
Options for action
Departure, 23–24
Employee conscience, 25–30
Employee protection legislation,
26–27
Employee protection procedures, 28–29
Observer conscience, 30–33
Observer protection legislation, 30–31
Observer protection procedures, 31–32
Whistleblowing, 24–25
Paris airport roof collapse, 60–61
Personal engineering ethics threshold
Determination of, 18–19
Options for action when reached.
See also Options for action
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