2.2 Extreme Programming

The ideas underlying agile methods were developed by a number of different people in the 1990s. However, the most influential work that has changed the culture of software development was the development of Extreme Programming (XP). The name was coined by Kent Beck in 1998 because the approach pushed recognized good practice, such as iterative development, to “extreme” levels. For example, regular integration, in which the work of all programmers in a team is integrated and tested, is good software engineering practice. XP advocates that changed software should be integrated several times per day, as soon as the changes have been tested.

XP focused on new development techniques that were geared to rapid, incremental software ...

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