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Enterprise JavaBeans, Fourth Edition by Richard Monson-Haefel, Bill Burke, Sacha Labourey

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The Local Client API

Enterprise JavaBeans were originally defined in terms of remote interfaces, such as the ones we’ve been discussing. The use of remote interfaces gave a nice, clean design: beans and bean clients did not need to worry about where other beans were located, because all bean references were treated as remote references. Beans always communicated with each other using Java RMI.

But in the real world, when two or more enterprise beans interact, they are usually co-located; that is, they are deployed in the same EJB container system and execute within the same Java Virtual Machine. In this case, RMI really isn’t necessary, and imposes overhead that we’d rather do without. Why treat all beans as remote objects if, in fact, they are often local? EJB 2.0 introduced the Local Client API to give developers control over whether beans should be accessed as remote objects, using RMI, or as local objects.

In EJB 2.0 and 2.1, session and entity beans can implement either remote or local component interfaces, or both. Any type of enterprise bean (entity, session, or message-driven) can become a co-located client of a session or entity bean; for example, a message-driven bean can call methods on co-located entity beans using its local component interfaces. The Local Client API is similar to the Remote Client API, but it is less complicated. The Local Client API is composed of two interfaces, the local and local home interfaces, which are similar to the remote and remote home interfaces. ...

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