© The Author(s), under exclusive license to APress Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2022
D. R. BangerEnterprise Systems Architecturehttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-8646-3_4

4. Layer 1: Business Process Layer

Daljit Roy Banger1  
London, UK

As previously discussed, the business operating model (BOM) establishes the organizational sense of purpose, i.e., its raison d’être. This sense of purpose can be realized through a set of supporting and enabling layers subject to constraints. The first of such layers is the process layer, which is a layer that adopts a lean, agile, cost-effective, and efficiency-driven characteristic to deliver value. Hence, it is important to understand, at a macro and in some cases a micro level, how these processes ...

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