9

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT: GENERATION, COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION

9.1 INTRODUCTION

The Solid Waste Management (SWM) is one of the important obligatory (bind legally) functions of the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in India. It is also one of the primary responsibilities of the municipal authorities over the years. The quantity of solid waste generated has been increasing due to increase in urbanization, population and associated activities. In fact, the characteristics of the solid waste have been varying with the habits of human being.

India’s population as per census 2011 was 1210 million, of which the urban population was 377.1 million or 31.16% of the total population residing in 7.935 cities/towns. After independence, while the population ...

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