* This paper is an extract from Arun Agrawal and Vasant Saberwal, 2004, ‘Whither South Asian Pastoralism?: An Introduction’, Nomadic Peoples 8(2).
1. The best known of such arguments is undoubtedly the schematic, misplaced, and popular model presented by Garrett Hardin (1968).
2. Hogg (1992: 131) argues ‘the tragedy of pastoralism today derives from a misunderstanding of the position and motivation of paternalists who, often under extreme circumstances, are trying to come to terms with a rabidly changing political, economic, and natural environment. The only sensible pastoral development strategy in this context is to provide a facilitating environment for pastoralists. Any more traditional, prescriptive “range management” approach ...